During pregnancy, women experience hormonal changes that may affect their oral health. These hormonal changes exaggerate the way the gums react to bacteria, increasing the risk of developing gum disease and other problems. Getting a dental check-up during pregnancy is essential for maintaining your oral and overall health. Here are some conditions that may occur as a result of pregnancy-related hormonal changes:
- Pregnancy Gingivitis: Is an inflammation of the gums that can cause swelling or tenderness. About 40% of women will develop gingivitis sometime during their pregnancy. It is important for pregnant women to take care of this condition before it leads to a bigger problem.
- Pregnancy Tumor: Don’t let the word tumor scare you. These tumors (also called granuloma of pregnancy) occur as a result of an extreme inflammatory reaction to a local irritation such as plaque buildup or particles of food.
These conditions can be prevented by practicing good oral hygiene habits at home. Here are some tips for maintaining a healthy mouth during pregnancy:
- Floss between your teeth daily.
- Use fluoridated toothpaste and brush your teeth at least twice a day for two minutes.
- Use mouthwash daily.
- Keep a balanced diet.
- If you suffer from morning sickness, try rinsing your mouth with water to prevent acids from eroding your enamel.
- Visit your dentist regularly.